The Unmatched Performance of 2-Phase Immersion Cooling

The new standard in advanced data center cooling explained

Cooling the Next Generation of Computing

High performance computing (HPC) and data-intensive technology applications like machine learning (ML), artificial intelligence (AI) and high-definition video processing use servers and chips that produce too much heat for air cooling to be practical or efficient.

The Passive 2-Phase Immersion Cooling Cycle

2-Phase Immersion Cooling Explained

  • Electronics are completely immersed in dielectric (non-conductive) fluid with no need for bulky heat sinks or fans
  • Chip temperatures rise until the fluid boils
  • Phase 1 of heat transfer occurs as the hot vapor rises
  • Phase 2 occurs as the vapor condenses on a specialized coil
  • Condensed fluid falls back into the tank as droplets, beginning the cycle again
  • The phase change of boiling leads to automatic convection and higher heat rejection capacity
  • The cooling process is entirely passive, with no pumps or moving parts required to reject IT heat

The Key Advantages of LiquidStack 2-Phase Immersion Cooling

Practical for high-powered chips or racksLow TCO, no duplicate cooling infrastructureEasy and fast maintenance of IT equipmentFuture-proof
(not tied to IT equipment)
No fire hazard or mess from oil
Air CoolingPractical for high-powered chips or racksLow TCO, no duplicate cooling infrastructureEasy and fast maintenance of IT equipment Future-proof (not tied to IT equipment)No fire hazard or mess from oil
Direct Liquid Cooling (Cold Plate/Chip)Practical for high-powered chips or racksLow TCO, no duplicate cooling infrastructureEasy and fast maintenance of IT equipmentFuture-proof (not tied to IT equipment)No fire hazard or mess from oil
Oil-Based 1-Phase Immersion CoolingPractical for high-powered chips or racksLow TCO, no duplicate cooling infrastructureEasy and fast maintenance of IT equipmentFuture-proof (not tied to IT equipment)No fire hazard or mess from oil
IT-Chassis Immersion CoolingPractical for high-powered chips or racksLow TCO, no duplicate cooling infrastructureEasy and fast maintenance of IT equipmentFuture-proof (not tied to IT equipment)No fire hazard or mess from oil
Tank-Based
2-Phase
Immersion Cooling
Practical for high-powered chips or racksLow TCO, no duplicate cooling infrastructureEasy and fast maintenance of IT equipmentFuture-proof (not tied to IT equipment)No fire hazard or mess from oil

Advanced Cooling Resources

Whitepaper

Liquid Cooling: The Key to Data Center Sustainability

Data Sheet

DataTank™ 2U, 4U, 8U Data Sheet

LiquidStack: Defying the cooling convention for a new generation of edge, data center and distributed computing

Over 9 years of immersion cooling innovation

Strongest 2-phase immersion cooling patent portfolio in the industry, and growing

World’s first Innovation Center for
2-phase immersion liquid cooling

21x more heat rejection per IT rack compared to air cooling, 41% reduction in energy used for cooling

Silent, sustainable and environmentally friendly – no water required for heat rejection

Working with the world’s largest hyperscalers and data center operators